low voltage circuit breakers are widely used in low voltage power distribution systems at all levels, to control the power of various mechanical devices, and to control and protect power connections.
What role do low voltage circuit breakers play?
What are the relevant parameters of low voltage circuit breakers?
What types of low voltage circuit breakers are there?
low voltage circuit breakers refer to mechanical switching electrical appliances that can connect, charge and disconnect current under normal circuit conditions and can be connected, charged and disconnected for a specified period of time under certain abnormal circuit conditions. Perform switching operations on power distribution circuits, motors or other electrical equipment to perform a protective function according to the specified conditions. In other words, it is a switch that can automatically interrupt the circuit if overload, short circuit or undervoltage occurs during the flickering of the circuit.
low voltage circuit breakers are used to distribute current, prevent the frequent operation of asynchronous motors, power lines and motors, etc. protect and automatically shut off circuits in case of major overloads, short circuits, undervoltages and other errors and combine fuse load switches and overheating relays. In addition, no parts need to be replaced after the residual current is interrupted. It's widespread now.
1.The model of low voltage circuit breaker is generally composed of text symbols and numbers according to the national technical standards as follows:
2.The letter number of the product is represented by the following letters. s%)fewer oil switches; d. circuit breakers for more oil k. circuit breakers for air L. circuit breakers for sulfur hexafluoride; Z. Vacuum circuit breakers; Q. Gas generator circuit breaker; C. Arc deflection circuit breaker.
3. Installation location code; n---inside, w---outside.
4. serial number of the design series; represented by points 1, 2, 3.
5. Rated voltage, KV.
6.Other supplementary work characteristics identification, G-enhanced, F-phase separated operation.
7. Rated current, A.
8. Rated switching current, KA.
9. Special environment code. Fingers empty like DZ47-63. DZ47LE-63 with leakage. C16: refers to the current of 16A. Residents of normal households use C10-16, and the construction uses C32 or higher.
1) (Mechanical) circuit breaker
A mechanical switchgear capable of generating, conducting and interrupting current under normal circuit conditions and capable of generating, conducting, conducting and interrupting current even under certain abnormal circuit conditions (e.g., short circuit). Formerly known as: Automatic Switch
2) Universal circuit breaker
A circuit breaker that integrates all components with a frame structure base with insulating pads and has various structural changes and uses.
Formerly known as: Frame Type Automatic Switch
3) circuit breaker with plastic housing
A circuit breaker with a housing made of molded insulating material and all components assembled in one. Synonym: compact circuit breakers
Formerly known as: Automatic switch with plastic housing
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There are many classification methods for low voltage circuit breakers. Depending on the type of use, there is a selective type (protective device parameters are adjustable) and a non-selective type (protective device parameters are not adjustable). Depending on the arc extinguishing medium, there are air type and vacuum type.
What is the use value of low voltage circuit breakers?
What parameters should be considered when selecting a low voltage circuit breaker?
What is a low voltage circuit breaker?
low voltage circuit breakers are electrical devices used for switching, controlling or protecting circuits with AC voltage of 1200 V and DC voltage of 1500 V. low voltage circuit breakers are an important part of the electrical industry and basic accessories in the machinery industry. In the power distribution system, low voltage switchgear mainly consists of various low voltage circuit breaker components. The functions and performances of low voltage circuit breakers play a crucial role. More than 80% of the electrical energy generated by power generation plants is distributed and used via low voltage circuit breakers. For each additional 10,000-kW power generation system, approximately 20,000 pieces of different low voltage circuit breakers are required to adjust them. Industrial automation systems also require various control panels, consoles, controllers and other products consisting of low voltage circuit breakers.
The type of circuit breaker includes the number of phases, the number of poles, the rated frequency, the arc extinguishing medium, the closing method and the shutdown method.
2) Rated power of the main circuit:
Main circuit ratings are:
rated operating voltage; rated current; rated short-term switching capacity; Design short-term current resistance.
The rated current of the universal circuit breaker is also divided into the rated current of the main circuit and the rated current of the frame plane.
3) Work system assessed:
The rated load system of low voltage circuit breakers can be divided into two types: 8-hour system and long-term system.
4) Subcircuit parameters:
The auxiliary circuit parameters of low voltage circuit breakers are mainly the characteristic parameters of auxiliary contacts. Universal circuit breakers usually have 3 pair closers and 3 pair openers for signal devices and control circuits; Compact circuit breakers usually have no auxiliary contacts.
low voltage circuit breakers are also called automatic air switches or automatic air circuit breakers or short circuit breakers. It is an electrical device that has both manual switching functions and automatic power failure, undervoltage, overload and short circuit protection. It can be used to distribute electrical energy, rarely start asynchronous motors, protect power supply lines and motors, etc. Its function corresponds to a fuse switch and overheating relay and other combinations. In addition, it is generally not necessary to replace parts after the residual current is interrupted, and it is widely used.
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At the regular press conference held by the Ministry of Commerce on September 10, the spokesperson Gao Feng introduced that the 128th China Import and Export Fair (Canton Fair for short) will be held online from October 15th to 24th and will last for 10 days. Gao Feng said that continuing to hold the Canton Fair online will help further play the role of the Canton Fair's all-round opening up platform, promote the stable and healthy development of foreign trade under normal epidemic prevention and control, and facilitate the smooth flow of the foreign trade industry chain and supply chain. We will work hard to provide better and more convenient services for exhibitors and merchants. Welcome Chinese and foreign enterprises and businessmen to actively participate in the exhibition and negotiate purchases.
The miniature circuit breaker is the most widely used terminal protection device in the construction of electrical terminals for power distribution. It is used for single-phase and three-phase short circuit, overload and overvoltage protection under 125 A, including single-pole 1P, two-pole 2P, three-pole 3P and four-pole 4P.
The typical size of the miniature circuit breaker is 18 mm width as module (1 bit, 1 P) and 9 mm as module. Friends should pay attention to their statement when buying to prevent the sizing of the distribution box top. Mistakes. In fact, 9 and 18 can be converted if we use it. Micro-Break has two frame currents 63A and 125A. The 1st position of the microfracture below 63 A is 18 mm, and the 1st position of the 125-frame current is 27 mm.
When a miniature circuit breaker in the distribution box needs to be replaced, it is accidentally jammed in the middle. We can only remove the wire and pull the clip on the bottom of the miniature circuit breaker to separate it from the guide rail. The clip is uncomfortable to pull by hand. Without a slotted screwdriver, it is not easy to lever.
Compact circuit breakers have a current carrying capacity of up to 2000 A. The maximum rated current of miniature circuit breakers is within 125 A.
Due to the capacity difference between the two, in the specific work, the effective area of the Compact circuit breaker is also larger than that of the miniature circuit breaker, and the wires connected to it are also relatively thick, which can reach more than 35 square meters, while the miniature circuit breaker is only suitable for connecting 10-wire below the square. Therefore, in general, for indoor conditions, it is better to choose compact circuit breakers for larger rooms.
When selecting a miniature circuit breaker, the following conditions should be considered:
1) The rated voltage of the miniature circuit breaker should not be less than the rated voltage of the line;
2) The rated current of the miniature circuit breaker and the rated current of the overcurrent trigger are not less than the calculated current of the line;
3) The rated short-circuit switching capacity of the miniature circuit breaker is not less than the maximum short-circuit current in the line;
4) The selection of miniature circuit breakers for power distribution shall take into account the short-term delayed short-circuit on-off capability and the coordination between the delay protection levels;
5) The rated voltage of the miniature circuit breaker's undervoltage trigger is equal to the rated voltage of the line.
JIELI Electrical has been active in the low voltage miniature circuit breaker industry for almost twenty years. Dedicated to research and development, production and supply chain management of MCB, RCCB and related supporting products. It is not only a production service provider solving supply chain problems, but also a manufacturer offering OEM and ODM production services.
We all know that circuit breakers play a big role in our power consumption process and can effectively ensure the safety of our power consumption. And did you know that in addition to high voltage circuit breakers, there are also low voltage circuit breakers? What role do low voltage circuit breakers play? What other species?
What problems should be considered when using low voltage circuit breakers?
What are the characteristics and functions of low voltage circuit breakers?
How does the low voltage circuit breaker perform the drawer wiring?
1. Improper installation and adjustment
Whether the installation and setting are correct is one of the basic factors affecting the normal operation of the low voltage circuit breaker. There are many operational accidents because the product is not assembled, adjusted and put into operation strictly according to the manufacturer's regulations. In general, there are three situations: (1) The auxiliary switch is set incorrectly. (2) The screw is not tightened and the pin is not opened. (3) Improper placement of the sealing ring.
2. Improper operation and maintenance as well as incorrect operation
Improper operation and maintenance of low voltage circuit breakers is another important cause of operational accidents. There are three common aspects: (1) The oil circuit breaker has too little oil. (2) Poor insulation. (3) Poor mechanical maintenance.
①The low voltage circuit breaker has strong switching power.
②The low voltage circuit breaker has good protective properties and can completely disconnect the line in a very short time.
③ The free release device of the low voltage circuit breaker has a locking effect. If the line does not return to normal state and the trigger does not return to its original position, it cannot be closed and powered.
low voltage circuit breakers can not only turn normal load current and overload current on and off, but also turn short circuit current on and off. In addition to controlling the circuit, the low voltage circuit breaker also has certain protective functions such as overload, short circuit, undervoltage and leakage protection, etc.
The input and output drawers of the low voltage circuit breaker are rotated clockwise or counterclockwise by the rocker, and the insertion structure is adopted in both the main circuit and the secondary circuit, omitting the insulator required for the fixed type Machine can be used for two purposes. which improves efficiency, facilitates operation and maintenance, and increases safety and reliability. In particular, the main circuit contact holder of the drawer floor can be used together with the fuse contact holder of type NT, so that the fuse can be used directly for power supply in an emergency.
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The miniature circuit breaker is also a circuit breaker product with a wide selection and quantity, and its main function is to protect the electrical junction distributor device of the building. It is suitable for overload and short circuit protection of AC 50/60 Hz, rated voltage 230/400 V, rated current up to 63 A, and also can be used for the rare operation and conversion of lines under normal conditions, mainly for industry, commerce, high rise and residential buildings and other places.
The miniature circuit breakers consist of drives, contacts, protective devices (various triggers) and arc extinguishing systems. Its main contacts are manually operated or electrically closed. After closing the main contact, the release mechanism locks the main contact in the closed position. The coil of the overcurrent trigger and the thermocouple of the thermal trigger are connected in series with the main circuit, and the coil of the undervoltage trigger is connected in parallel with the power supply. In case of short circuit or strong overload of the circuit, the anchor of the overcurrent trigger is tightened to release the free trigger, and the main contact disconnects the main circuit. When the circuit is overloaded, the thermocouple of the thermal trigger heats up and bends the bimetal, thereby activating the free release mechanism. In case of undervoltage in the circuit, the anchor of the undervoltage trigger falls off.
1) The installation of the miniature circuit breaker should meet the requirements of GB13955-92 standard and product manual.
2) When installing the miniature circuit breaker, the power supply line, power supply mode, power supply voltage, and grounding type of the system should be fully considered.
3) The rated voltage, rated current, short-circuit shutdown capacity and shut-off time of the miniature circuit breaker shall meet the requirements of the protected power supply line and electrical equipment.
4) The installation and wiring of the miniature circuit breaker should be correct. Special attention should be paid to the wiring of the residual current miniature circuit breaker in single-phase, three-phase three-wire and three-phase four-wire power supply systems of different grid grounding forms.
(1) The arc extinguishing chamber is formed into a polygon;
(2) coating a layer of conductive carbon film on the inner wall of the arc extinguishing chamber;
(3) use graphite as an arc extinguishing agent;
(4) Increase the number of auxiliary contacts, etc.
JIELI Electrical is not only a production service provider solving supply chain problems, but also a manufacturer offering OEM and ODM production services. Do you need help with low voltage miniature circuit breakers? Fill out this form to contact us. JIELI Electrical has been active in the low voltage miniature circuit breaker industry for almost twenty years.
The 132th China Import and Export Fair (Canton Fair for short) will be held online from October 15th to 24th and will last for 10 days. continuing to hold the Canton Fair online will help further play the role of the Canton Fair's all-round opening up platform, promote the stable and healthy development of foreign trade under normal epidemic prevention and control, and facilitate the smooth flow of the foreign trade industry chain and supply chain. We will work hard to provide better and more convenient services for exhibitors and merchants. Welcome Chinese and foreign enterprises and businessmen to actively participate in the exhibition and negotiate purchases
A low voltage circuit breaker is a switching device that can not only turn normal load current and overload current on and off, but also can turn short circuit current on and off. In addition to the control function in the circuit, the low voltage circuit breaker also has a certain protective function.
What is the protective function of the low voltage circuit breaker?
What is the plug wiring for low voltage circuit breakers?
What is the key structure of the low voltage circuit breaker?
Protection functions of low voltage circuit breakers: short circuit protection, overload protection and undervoltage protection.
low voltage circuit breakers were formerly referred to as automatic switches or air switches. In addition to full load shutdown capability, it also has functions such as short circuit protection, overload protection and undervoltage protection, and has good arc extinguishing ability. It is often used as a main switch or secondary circuit switch in the distribution box. low voltage circuit breakers should not be operated frequently and are suitable as control units in lighting distribution boxes or other rare operations.
On the mounting plate of the complete set, first install a circuit breaker mounting seat, on the mounting seat there are 6 connectors, and on the connecting plate of the circuit breaker there are 6 sockets. There is a connecting plate on the surface of the mounting seat or bolt behind the mounting seat, and the power line and load line are pre-connected to the mounting seat. Insert the circuit breaker directly into the bracket for use. If the low voltage circuit breaker is defective, just pull out the bad one and replace it with a good one. Its replacement time is shorter and more convenient than the wiring before and after the board. Because plugging in and out requires a certain amount of manpower. This saves maintenance and replacement time. When installing a pluggable circuit breaker, check that the circuit breaker plug is firmly depressed and securely fasten the circuit breaker to reduce contact resistance and improve reliability.
1. Energy-releasing electromagnet
When the user presses the button after the electromagnet coil is excited, the electromagnet is closed to release the energy storage spring, and the circuit breaker is closed.
2. Turn the handle
The operator rotates the handle outside the door clockwise or counterclockwise to ensure the circuit breaker closes or opens. At the same time, turning the handle can ensure that the cabinet door cannot be opened when the circuit breaker is closed; only when the handle is opened or buckled, the door of the control cabinet can be opened. In an emergency, when the circuit breaker is "on" and the door needs to be opened, the red release button can be pressed on the side of the rotary handle base.
JIELI Electrical has three production sites all over the world, namely in Poyang, Jiangxi, China, Yueqing, Zhejiang, China, and Yangon, Myanmar. Own an annual production capacity of 20 million PCS for MCB and 1 million PCS for RCCB. Our clients are located in almost 50-countries around the world.